Homestead National Monument of America is located at the western edge of the tallgrass prairie region of North America. This area, characterized by rolling hills, thick soil, and periods of abundant rainfall, was once covered by a sea of grass up to ten feet high! Homestead contains 100 acres of tallgrass prairie and 60 acres of riparian woodland. These areas are similar to the environment that Daniel Freeman encountered when he claimed this land as his homestead in 1863. The park’s prairie, restored in 1939, is the second oldest restoration effort in the United States. This restoration has brought back much of the prairie’s original diversity, with 116 species of plants on the Monument. Also notable is a portion of the woodland, which is a rare mesic bur oak forest.
Ask a Ranger for brochure of the Prairie Plants.